The main focus of all projects is the development and strengthening of the eight European key competences. The competences are a combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes which are adapted to the respective environment. These competences are particularly needed for personal development, for societal integration, for active citizenship and for employability.

Mother tongue competence is the ability to express and interpret concepts, thoughts, feelings, facts and opinions both verbally and in writing (listening, speaking, reading and writing) and to respond appropriately and creatively in all social and cultural contexts –school, work, home and leisure.

Foreign language competence essentially requires the same skills as mother tongue competence: it is based on the ability to convey concepts, thoughts, feelings, facts and opinions, both orally and in writing, in a reasonable number of social and cultural contexts – education, training, work, home and leisure and to express and interpret according to personal wishes or needs (listening, speaking, reading and writing). Foreign language competence also requires skills such as mediation and intercultural understanding. The degree of foreign language proficiency varies within these four dimensions (listening, speaking, reading and writing) and within different languages, as well as the social and cultural background, the environment and the needs and/or interests of the individual speaker.

Mathematical competence is the ability to develop and apply mathematical thinking to solve problems in everyday situations. Based on good computational knowledge, the focus is on process and activity as well as knowledge. Mathematical competence is, to varying degrees, associated with the ability and willingness to use mathematical thinking (logical and spatial thinking) and representational thinking (formulas, models, constructions, curves, tables).

Science competence is the ability and willingness to explain the natural world in terms of existing knowledge and methodologies, as well as to ask questions and draw evidence-based conclusions. Technical competence is the application of this knowledge and methods to find answers to identified human needs and desires. Scientific and technical competence is connected with the understanding of the change that has been triggered by human activity and includes the active response of the individual as citizen.

Digital competence involves the confident, critical and responsible use of, and engagement with, digital technologies for learning, at work, and for participation in society. It includes information and data literacy, communication and collaboration, media literacy, digital content creation (including programming), safety (including digital well-being and competences related to cybersecurity), intellectual property related questions, problem solving and critical thinking.

Personal, social and learning to learn competence is the ability to reflect upon oneself, effectively manage time and information, work with others in a constructive way, remain resilient and manage one’s own learning and career. It includes the ability to cope with uncertainty and complexity, learn to learn, support one’s physical and emotional well-being, to maintain physical and mental health, and to be able to lead a health-conscious, future-oriented life, empathize and manage conflict in an inclusive and supportive context.

Social competence includes human, interpersonal and intercultural skills and all forms of behavior that enable individuals to participate in social and professional life in an efficient and constructive manner, especially in increasingly heterogeneous societies, and, where appropriate, to solve conflicts. Civic competence equips individuals to participate fully in civic life, based on their knowledge of societal and political concepts and structures and their commitment to active and democratic participation.

Self-initiative and entrepreneurial competence is the ability of individuals to put their ideas into action. This requires creativity, innovation and risk-taking, as well as the ability to plan and execute projects to achieve specific goals. Entrepreneurial competence not only helps the individual in daily life at home or in society, but also in the workplace, to consciously perceive the working environment and seize opportunities. It is the basis for the special skills and knowledge that are needed by those who create or contribute to a social or commercial activity. This should include awareness of ethical values and promoting good corporate governance.

Recognizing the importance of the artistic expression of ideas, experiences and feelings through various media such as music, performing arts, literature and the visual arts.

European key competences
Allocation of current European office projects

European key competences

8 European key competencies
8 European key competencies